Coronavirus And Preventing Its Spread
Is the world in bad shape?
Coronavirus or COVID-19 is clouding the whole world in a blink of an eye. To date, there are more than 5-million cases worldwide with the USA having the highest infected cases. Almost every country had taken a drastic unprecedented approach to contain the virus from spreading too violently. It is either, ‘full lockdown’ or ‘partial lockdown’ to prevent the viruses from spreading. The phrase “stay at home” is echoing throughout the world everyday.
Some countries have been placed on ‘partial lockdown’ or also known as Movement Control Order (MCO), where people are allowed to leave their homes unnecessarily. Only workers in essential sectors such as health and enforcement and those who need to buy essential items such as food and medicine are allowed to leave their home. Malaysia had just moved from the fourth phase of the Movement Control Order to Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO).
Singapore had entered into lockdown until 01.06.2020. Same goes to every country in Europe such as Italy and Spain. The main purpose of it is to break the chain of the infection by staying at home.
What COVID-19 really is?
Novel Coronavirus is a new strain of coronavirus which had never been identified before. It is proven and confirmed by the World Health Organization (WHO) that it can be infected from an individual to another individual through respiratory droplets or direct contact. Also, it can be left on surfaces and objects such as lift buttons, phones and even your own door knobs.
There are 3 main symptoms for those who are infected with COVID-19, which are fever, cough and breathing difficulty. It is extremely important that if you are having either one of the symptoms, you must get medical help by contacting the hospital in your district.
How to prevent COVID-19?
1. Social distancing
Social distancing or self-isolating is introduced through the execution of lockdown for each and every country. Social distancing means that a person has to keep 1 meter away from another person when going out to buy the essentials. This is important as a simple uncovered cough can transmit the virus directly into your mouth, nose or eyes if you are too close to an infected person.
By staying away from each other for at least 1 meter apart can help prevent the disaster from occurring over and over again. It is also equally important, not to hug or shake hands with anyone even though you know that he or she is not infected. According to WHO, the virus can stay at your hand and if you were to rub your face with it, you will be infected. That is why it is highly advisable if not compulsory that you must avoid yourself from any physical contact and stay at least 1 meter away from one another.
2. Always wash your hands
This may sound simple but washing your hands with soap can kill off the potential of the virus stuck on your hands according to the World Health Organization (WHO). It is highly recommended for you to clean or wash your hands after sneezing or coughing, before and after going to the toilet and before eating. You can use hand sanitizer to sanitize your hands if there is no water or soap available.
3. Always close your mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing
As mentioned before, it is proven that the virus can be transmitted through droplets from your cough or when you sneeze to another person. In order to avoid the risk of others being infected, you must always cover your mouth in such situations. You can either use a certified face mask such as N95, surgical mask, tissue or even your hand if there is no mask around you. This will or may break the chain of the infection.
4. Always avoid from touching or have any physical contact with the infected person
This is important! Under any circumstances, whenever you are outside, refrain yourself from touching, hugging or even shaking hands with your friends. According to WHO, if the person you have contact with has the virus on them, it will stay in your hand when you, for example, shake his or her hand. If you ever touch someone who you think is infected, never touch your face including nose, mouth and eyes. Instead, wash your hands with soap immediately or use a certified hand sanitizer.
5. Stay At Home (especially when you are sick)
The last straw to break the chain of COVID-19 is to stay at home. It is highly advisable to only go out to buy the essentials such as food and medicine. By doing so, it will reduce the risk of transmitting the virus even further. If you have the symptoms such as fever, cough or breathing difficulty, call your nearest hospital or clinic. Never go out of your house as you can infect other people within minutes.
6. Unified ResponsibilityWherever you are, remember, all of us are in this together. We must help each other to end this plague once and for all. By following these guidelines, we can do it!
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